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Bone density test

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Bone density, or the mineral content of bone, is measured with a device called the osteodensitometer (ODM). The test is suitable for determining if you have osteoporosis, or if you are currently developing it. Osteoporosis does not cause any pain or symptoms at an early stage and, according to certain sources, 1 million people are affected in Hungary, of whom 90% are women. Osteoporosis may cause severe complications, with an increased risk of pathological and spontaneous fractures. Risk factors include a sedentary lifestyle and a job that requires a lot of time spent sitting. Apart from this, insufficient nutrition, a diet low in protein and calcium, a lack of vitamin D and sunlight, the consumption of an unhealthy amount of alcohol, smoking, excessive coffee and soft drink consumption, and certain medications may all lead to the development of osteoporosis, even at age 25-45.

When is it recommended to take a bone density test?

The test is highly recommended for women older than 65 and men older than 70. Testing is also recommended for women one year after menopause to determine the velocity of bone loss.

Especially recommended:

  • if your mother or grandmother had suffered bone fracture,
  • if you fracture a bone due to minor trauma,
  • if your height decreases by 3 centimeters,
  • if you develop scoliosis,
  • in case of bilateral kidney stones,
  • if you are taking certain medications,
  • in case of a bedridden lifestyle,
  • and following organ transplantation.

The test is not recommended during pregnancy.

How is the test performed?

The test is performed at Medicover Alkotás Point Clinic with an ODM device.

  • The test is simple and painless.
  • Radiation exposure is minimal.
  • Measurements are performed at the spine.
  • The test takes only a couple of minutes and is completely painless.
  • If a certain part of the body was fractured earlier, the test should be performed on the opposite side.
  • Metals e.g. jewels, zippers should not be worn during the test.

Bone mineral density (BMD) is calculated by the computer. BMD depends on gender and age, therefore it is compared with the average bone density value of the Hungarian population of the same gender and age. The so-called T-score value is the most important considering treatment, it shows the difference between the values measured and the peak bone mass, better reflecting fracture risk.

It is important to know that only one unit of bone loss increases the risk of fractures by two-three times!

Summary

The results are validated by a specialist physician at previously booked appointments. The specialist physician recommends medication or, if necessary, further investigation.

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